SOCIAL ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC RELATIONS
Artem Igorevich Krivcov
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT AS A FORM OF SOCIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS
Abstract. The article discusses the theoretical aspects of the definition of informal employment in the system of social and labor relations. The content analysis of the international state documents defining this concept is carried out. The author’s definition of informal employment is given as a set of social and labor relations related to hiring and performing labor duties without a corresponding legally stipulated formalization of labor relations. It is concluded that the monitoring of informal employment and the analysis of its quantitative and qualitative indicators can be useful both for the development of non-shadow social and labor relations, the development of effective labor standards, and for the normalization and institutionalization of specific types of informal employment.
Keywords: employment, informal employment, social and labor relations, monitoring, consequences, definition
For citation: Krivtsov A. Informal employment as a form of social and labor relations // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 7–13. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-7-13.
Ramil Zufarovich Mudarisov, Rinat Tanzlgilimovich Farkhtdinov
THE USE OF CHILD’S AND WOMEN’S LABOR AS A SOURCE OF REPLENISHMENT OF LABOR IN THE MINING PLANTS OF THE URALS AT AN EARLY STAGE OF THE GENESIS OF CAPITALISM
Abstract. The article deals with the issue of the use of children and women there, their number in metallurgical plants, mines and gold mines of the Urals at an early stage of the emergence of capitalism. The methods of both economic and non-economic coercion of young children and women are investigated. The study examines working conditions, working hours, wages, food, housing conditions, and the state of medical care.
Keywords: mining plants, mines, working conditions, housing conditions, working hours, children, women
For citation: Mudarisov R., Farkhtdinov R. The use of child’s and women’s labor as a source of replenishment of labor in the mining plants of the Urals at an early stage of the genesis of capitalism // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 14–19. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-14-19.
Fail Gabdullovich Safin, Murat Nilevich Ishemgulov, Fanil Ramilevich Kulsharipov
LABOR MOTIVATIONS OF THE POPULATION OF BASHKORTOSTAN IN A MARKET ECONOMY (ACCORDING TO ETHNOSOCIOLOGICAL SURVEYS)
Abstract. The transition to a market economy has created certain difficulties in the field of employment and the material and financial situation of the population of the country. In this regard, in the Republic of Bashkortostan, due to the uneven settlement of ethnic groups in cities and in rural areas, there were certain difficulties. Despite the development of a market economy, a significant part of the population, regardless of ethnicity, prefers to work in state-owned enterprises, the number of which has significantly decreased over the years. At the same time, the share of those who want to engage in entrepreneurship and work “for themselves” is growing. The ongoing privatization of state property in the country is also ambiguously perceived by the population of the country. The problem of the economic and financial situation of the population motivates them to look for new sources of earning money to improve their financial condition.
Keywords: able-bodied population, livelihood, market economy, entrepreneurship, financial situation, privatization
Funding: Research completed within the framework of the state assignment of the IER UFRC RAS “Social foundations of ethnopolitical processes in republics of the Ural-Volga region” No. АААА-А21-121012290085-3.
For citation: Safin F., Ishemgulov M., Kulsharipov F. Labor motivations of the population of Bashkortostan in a market economy (according to ethnosociological surveys) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 20–27. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-20-27.
Aleksey Mikhailovich Kublanov
SOCIAL WELL-BEING AND HUMAN CAPITAL: INTERDEPENDENCE AND MUTUAL INFLUENCE
Abstract. Currently, in the context of the transition to digital technologies in all sectors of society and solving the problems of increasing national competitiveness, the study of aspects of the formation of human capital in Russia is an urgent topic in the scientific community. An important factor in the formation of human capital is social well-being — a subjectively assessed level of happiness of a person, his satisfaction with his own health, safety, availability of social benefits, opportunities for individual development. The article discusses the theoretical aspects of the mutual influence of social well-being and human capital. Definitions of the studied concepts are given, publications of Russian and foreign scientists on the issues of ensuring social well-being and the formation of human capital are analyzed.It is concluded that in the conditions of modern global socio-economic trends, the social well-being of a person depends on external factors, which necessitates the implementation of appropriate socio-economic policies aimed at reducing the negative impact of the external environment and ensuring sustainable development and accumulation of human capital.
Keywords: social well-being, happiness, satisfaction, human capital, conditions of formation, social policy
For citation: Kublanov A. M. Social well-being and human capital: interdependence and mutual influence // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 28–33. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-28-33.
Evgenia Anatolyevna Protasova
IMPROVING THE SYSTEM OF TAXATION FOR SELF-EMPLOYMENT IN RUSSIA
Abstract. The article provides a critical analysis of the existing approaches to taxation of income of self-employed in Russia, developed ways to improve taxation of self-employment based on the unification approach. The subject of the research is the mechanism of taxation of income of self-employed citizens. The object of the research is the self-employment taxation system in Russia. The purpose of the study is to develop ways to improve the taxation system for self-employment in Russia based on a critical analysis of existing approaches to taxation of income of self-employed Russians. Research objectives: comparative analysis of existing approaches to taxation of various models of self-employment, assessment of the effectiveness of the existing approach to taxation of self-employment in Russia, development of ways to improve taxation of income of self-employed citizens in Russia. The article systematizes the positive and negative aspects of the approaches of unification and specialization in taxation of various models of self-employment. It was revealed that the existing taxation system in the sphere of self-employment in Russia can be characterized as specialized. The study showed that the way of unifying the mechanisms of taxation of self-employed citizens in the current socio-economic conditions seems to be more promising. The proposed unification of taxation of income of individuals, regardless of their legal status, will not only solve the problem of shadowing the income of self-employed citizens, but also provide a fair taxation system that stimulates the withdrawal of real taxes from the “shadow” for other categories of citizens who receive income.
Keywords: self-employment, self-employed person, individual entrepreneur, pseudo-self-employment, taxation of self-employment, the system of taxation of income of self-employed persons, tax on professional income, tax on personal income, tax unification, specialization of taxation
For citation: Protasova E. A. Improving the system of taxation for self-employment in Russia // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 34–42. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-34-42.
Roman Vladimirivich Kalyakulin
SECTORAL FORMS OF REGULATION OF SOCIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS: REGIONAL ASPECT
Abstract. In this article, the author examines the system of regulation of social and labor relations at sectoral enterprises of the machine-building industry in the region. The study of the contribution of the industrial potential of the machine-building industry to the economy of the region and the country has been carried out. The goals and objectives of trade unions in the system of social partnership, legislative and legal acts regulating labor relations at the regional level are analyzed, the structure of the republican sectoral tripartite commission is shown and examples of the implementation of republican sectoral agreements and collective agreements of enterprises are presented. The author identified the possible risks of legal uncertainty in the regulation of social and labor relations at the regional sectoral level. New forms and mechanisms of interaction with Russian industrial corporations for solving social and economic issues of labor collectives have been formulated and proposed. The conclusion of corporate agreements is becoming one of the key benchmarks.
Keywords: aviation industry, mechanical engineering, Rostec State Corporation, trade unions, labor relations, industry, social partnership, agreement, collective agreement, socio-economic development
For citation: Kalyakulin R. V. Sectoral forms of regulation of social and labor relations: regional aspect // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 43–51. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-43-51.
ECONOMY AND ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT
BLOCKCHAIN IN PUBLIC EDUCATION: CRYPTOCOLONIALISM, SHADOW PRIVATIZATION AND PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING EDUCATION
Abstract. The article is devoted to topical issues of complex solutions and implementation of modern technologies in the field of education. According to the author, blockchain, as one of the main elements of digitalization, can become a kind of impetus for the educational sphere, a breakthrough technology, which are extremely necessary in the modern world, the coronavirus pandemic. The author agrees with the researchers who believe that it is the blockchain that makes it possible to create a more secure, open and efficient educational system that is trustworthy all over the world. The article analyzes the pros and cons of blockchain, assesses modern education policy, provides examples of the practice of using blockchain in different countries.
Keywords: education, digitalization, blockchain, innovation, reform, innovative programs, education policy
For citation: Milovanovich M. Blockchain in public education: cryptocolonialism, shadow privatization and prospects for improving education // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 52–55. (In Russ). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-52-55.
Polina Igorevna Ananchenkova, Sergei Aleksandrovich Shapiro
PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF A HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER IN THE ERA OF DIGITALIZATION
Abstract. The article reflects the results of some sociological studies, the results of which indicate the need for the formation of new, digital competencies for higher school teachers. Global economic processes and digital trends are transforming the content and technologies of pedagogical work, but many teachers are not ready for such innovations. The conclusion is made that the sustainable introduction of digital learning tools can be successful only if the general vector of digital transformation of the educational process is justified and supported by both the university administration and the teachers themselves.
Keywords: digitalization, education, educational process, teachers, competencies, learning technologies
For citation: Ananchenkova P. I., Shapiro S. A. Professional competencies of a high school teacher in the era of digitalization // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 56–61. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-56-61.
Rushan Rakhimzyanovich Gallyamov, Yulia Aleksandrovna Kuznetsova
METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF MODELING INNOVATIVE PROCESSES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Abstract. The article reveals the key features of methodological approaches to modeling innovative processes. It is shown that the majority of scientists and specialists consider the innovation process within the framework of such characteristics as high dynamism, instability, uncertainty, the presence of a complex of interrelated elements, which, in turn, have a set of their own unique characteristics, hierarchy, and multidirectionality. It was determined that any model is most often criticized from the standpoint of accounting (underestimation) of factors affecting the innovation process, as well as its excessive simplification (complication). Much attention is paid to the complex issues of changing the composition and structure of the elements of the innovation process, depending on the selected innovation object.
Keywords: innovation, innovation activity, innovation process, modeling, approaches, dynamic parameters, agent-based modeling, simulation method, risks, efficiency
For citation: Gallyamov R. R., Kuznetsova Yu. A. Methodological basis of modeling innovative processes of socio-economic development at the present stage // Bulletin of BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 62–67. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53 -62-67.
Irina Aleksandrovna Sabirova
THE IMPACT OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES ON THE EFFICIENCY OF RAILWAY SYSTEM MANAGEMENT
Abstract. The article discusses the issues of introducing innovative technologies into the railway management system. The object of the study is the efficiency of management of railway systems. The subject of the research is innovative technologies and their impact on the effectiveness of railway systems management. The purpose of the work is to conduct a theoretical analysis of the impact of innovations on the efficiency of railway systems management and, using the example of large foreign railway systems, to determine the main factors of innovation efficiency. The scientific novelty of the presented work lies in the analysis of foreign experience in the development of effective management tools for railway systems in the context of innovation. The paper concludes that the future of the railway industry directly depends on the degree of its digitalization and technologization, the introduction of intelligent transport systems and active integration into the global space of innovative development.
Keywords: transport, railways, railway systems, management, efficiency, trends, innovative technologies, Internet of things, “smart railways”, the problem of implementation
For citation: Sabirova I. The impact of innovative technologies on the efficiency of railway system management // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 68–75. https://doi.org/ 10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-68-75.
ECONOMY AND LAW
Nailya Alfritovna Gareeva, Amir Aidarovich Gareev
PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF IN HERITANCE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TO VARIOUS WORKS OF SCIENCE, LITERATURE AND ART
Abstract. Among the key problems of law enforcement practice and legal science in modern conditions is the problem of inheritance of intellectual rights to works of science, literature and art, the peculiarity of which is due to their intangible nature and the legal nature of the actual acceptance of the inheritance. The aim of the study is an objective assessment of the grounds for the inheritance of intellectual property rights, criteria for intellectual property rights to be inherited. The scientific novelty of the research lies in a comprehensive diagnosis of the powers of the heirs of intellectual rights, the content of the process of inheritance of intellectual rights to works of science, literature and art, identifying the differences between the circle of heirs by law and by will.
Keywords: inheritance, intellectual rights, heirs’ rights, personal non-property rights, heirs at law, heirs at law, works of literature, works of science, works of art
For citation: Gareeva N., Gareev A. Problematic aspects of in heritance of intellectual property rights to various works of science, literature and art // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 76–83. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-76-83.
POLITICS AND IDEOLOGY
Vladimir Petrovich Miletsky, Alexandra Nikolaevna Pisareva
SOCIAL NETWORKS AS A MODERN CHANNEL OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATIONS: COMPARATIVE CONTENT ANALYSIS OF PUBLICATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN SCIENTIFIC MAGAZINES (2020–2021)
Abstract. Social networking sites as a new, modern channel of political communications have been the subject of interest of researchers for the last several years. The acceleration of digitalization of all spheres of life, including political, was largely provoked by the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. The article presents a comparative content analysis of publications on this topic in Russian and foreign scientific journals. It is established that the interest in the problem among domestic and foreign scientists is approximately equal. At the same time, it was found that the angles of view of scientists differ: for example, Russian authors are more interested in considering the influence of social networks on the behavior of ordinary users than politicians and government officials, like their foreign colleagues. In addition, there are terminological and methodological differences that allow us to say that in our country the study of social networks is still in the process of formation and development.
Keywords: social networks, social networking sites, social media, political activity, political behavior, Internet, content analysis
For citation: Miletsky V., Pisareva A. Social networks as a modern channel of political communications: comparative content analysis of publications in russian and foreign scientific magazines (2020–2021) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 84–92. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-84-92.
Oleg Iurevich Otrokov
SOCIO-POLITICAL ACTIVISM OF OF RUSSIAN YOUTH IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
Abstract. The rapid development of digital technologies and their mass application in all areas has a significant impact on the forms of the socio-political activism of young people, as well as on the formation of young people’s civic and political stances. Currently, the classical institutions of civic participation are being transformed under the influence of the digital environment, which leads to the emergence of new formations, which cover increasingly broad cohorts, have specific functioning features and tools. In the study, the author considers various approaches to work and forms of socio-political activism in the modern digital environment, identifies signs of the classification of the digital institutions of civic participation, as well as the subjects of the socio-political activism of youth in information society. The very notion of the digital institution of civic participation as a form of interaction between individuals through the digital environment is defined, which is used to implement joint goals and objectives that are relevant to all community participants. The author concludes that the interaction of traditional and digital tools, their mutual supplementation will allow to realize the socio-political needs of young people at a much more effective level, which are due to both objective age and psychophysical factors and the conditions of the external environment and current political reality.
Keywords: youth activism, civic institutions, information society, youth, subjects of activism, digital institutions, civic participation, socio-political activism, youth needs, digital participation
Funding: The reported study was funded by RFBR and EISR according to the research project № 21-011-32085.
For citation: Otrokov O. Socio-political activism of Russian youth in the conditions of the information society // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 93–100. https://doi.org/ 10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-93-100.
Ildar Makhmutovich Gabdrafikov, Vsevolod Olegovich Glukhovtsev
FEATURES OF THE FORMATION OF CIVIC IDENTITY IN THE POLYETHNIC REGION OF RUSSIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN)
Abstract. The subject of the article is a comparative analysis of the state and features of the manifestation of civic identity in a multiethnic region of Russia on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The work is based on the data of three ethnosociological surveys conducted in recent years with the direct participation of the authors of the article. The object of the study is the modern population of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The purpose of the article is to consider the level and significance for the residents of the region of various forms of group identity in time dynamics (over the past 10 years). The article shows the state of civic consciousness of the population of the region based on specific materials of mass surveys using methods adopted in political and sociological sciences, and identifies factors influencing it.
Keywords: Russian nation, Russian people, civil and ethnic identity, ethnicity, nation-building, interethnic relations and national policy
Funding: This work was supported by the RFBR grant “Centralization, ethnic factor and electoral processes in the regions of Russia”, project No. 20-011-00444 A.
For citation: Gabdrafikov I., Glukhovtsev V. Features of the formation of civic identity in the polyethnic region of Russia (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 101–107. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-101-107.
Elena Valerevna Vashalomidze
CORRUPTION AS A FORM OF UNPROFESSIONALISM OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SPECIALISTS (REVIEW OF FOREIGN LITERATURE)
Abstract. The article presents an overview of foreign literature reflecting the problem of unprofessional behavior of civil servants manifested through corrupt actions. The essence of public administration at the ideological and institutional level is analyzed, the main causes of corruption of civil servants are determined. It is concluded that corruption not only negatively affects the image of state power, but also serves as a barrier to the implementation of the goals and objectives of public administration aimed at meeting the needs of society.
Keywords: state, power, management, civil servant, professionalism, corruption
For citation: Vashalomidze E. Corruption as a form of unprofessionalism in public administration specialists (review of foreign literature) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 108–113. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2021-4-53-108-113.
Tatiana Aleksandrovna Mironova
THE ECOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATION OF MODERN STUDENTS
Abstract. The article analyzes the process of formation in the academic environment of a higher educational institution of the desire to expand and diversify communication channels, which is significant from the standpoint of achieving the goals of sustainable development in the field of education. It is shown that one of the most accessible and open communication channels is ecological. This is due to the peculiarities of the very ecological approach to education and upbringing, which contributes to the involvement of students in the protection of nature, as well as the fact that this channel opens up opportunities for transition to other areas, including political communication.
Keywords: communications, ecology, politics, high school, students, sustainable development
For citation: Mironova T. The ecological component of political communication of modern students // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 114–124. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-114-124.
Rushan Rakhimzianovich Gallyamov, Igor Vilsovich Kuchumov
FRENCH RESEARCHER FREDERIC LE PLAY AS THE FOUNDER OF SOCIOLOGY OF BASHKIR RACE
Abstract. The subject of the article is the analysis of the state of the Bashkir patriarchal family as a representative part of Bashkir society in the middle of the 19th century, undertaken by the French sociologist Frederic Le Play (1806–1882). The object of the research is his monographic study on this topic. The aim of the article is to determine the methods, which Le Play applied for studying the everyday life, economy and material culture of the Bashkirs, to analyze the facts, which he revealed and the conclusions he drew. The tasks proceeding from this goal are based on studying the features of the author’s research methodology, empirical material, identifying original conclusions regarding the life support system of a large Bashkir family in the 19th century as a structural element of Bashkir society. The article shows the necessity of using methods of qualitative sociological analysis, applied by the author, in the domestic science. For the first time, a critical analysis of a previously unknown in the Russian historiography is given, its advantages and disadvantages are appreciated, as well as the possibilities of its use in the sociology of race and ethnic relations and anthropology of the Bashkirs.
Keywords: sociology of race and ethnic relations, Bashkirs, Frederic Le Play, ethnography, material culture, economics, family, Islam, health care, sociological methods
Funding: Research completed within the framework of the state assignment of the IER UFRC RAS “Social foundations of ethnopolitical processes in the republics of the Ural-Volga region” No. AAAA-A21-121012290085-3.
For citation: Gallyamov R., Kuchumov I. French researcher Frederic Le Play as the founder of sociology of Bashkir race // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 125–132. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-125-132.
Fail Gabdullovich Safin, Murat Nilevich Ishemgulov, Damir Azgarovich Kamaletdinov
SOCIAL MOOD AND ADAPTATION OF ETHNIC GROUPS TO THE MARKET ECONOMY (ACCORDING TO ETHNOSOCIOLOGICAL SURVEYS IN BASHKORTOSTAN)
Abstract. On the basis of ethnosociological surveys, the social mood and adaptive behavior of the population of the Republic of Bashkortostan to the market economy are considered. On the basis of ethnosociological data, the self-assessment by ethnic groups of their material and financial situation is revealed. One of the negative factors affecting social mood was the economic crisis after the Crimean events and the beginning of the pandemic. The survey also showed that market relations have made certain adjustments to the social stratification and differentiation of society. Despite this, as the results of the survey showed, the majority of the population of the republic looks to the future with hope and optimism.
Keywords: social mood, adaptation, market economy, financial situation, financial condition, ethnic groups
Funding: Research completed within the framework of the state assignment of the IER UFRC RAS “Social foundations of ethnopolitical processes in the republics of the Ural-Volga region” No. AAAA-A21-121012290085-3.
For citation: Safin F., Ishemgulov M., Kamaletdinov D. Social mood and adaptation of ethnic groups to the market economy (according to ethnosociological surveys in Bashkortostan) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 133–139. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-133-139.
Aigul Iliasovna Khaliulina
ETHNOLANGUAGE COMPETENCE OF THE POPULATION OF BASHKORTOSTAN IN CONDITIONS OF BILINGUALISM (BASED ON THE RESULTS OF ETHNOSOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES)
Abstract. The article deals with the issues of language competence and speech activity of the population of the republic in different language situations. It was found that, despite the high level of recognition of the native language and language competence, individuals use Russian more when communicating. Such language behavior manifests itself not only in public places, in educational institutions or when communicating with close friends, but even in the family and household sphere. One of the factors of such speech activity of individuals is the ethno-linguistic environment, which contributes to the formation of linguistic competence and further generates linguistic behavior of individuals.
Keywords: language competence, native language, language proficiency, language behavior, bilingualism, speech activity
Funding: Research was conducted in the framework of the state assignment of the IER UFRC RAS “Social foundations of ethnopolitical processes in the republics of the Ural-Volga region” No. AAAA-A21-121012290085-3.
For citation: Khaliulina A. Ethnolanguage competence of the population of Bashkortostan in conditions of bilingualism (based on the results of ethnosociological studies) // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 140–146. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-140-146.
Aigul Iliasovna Khaliulina, Elina Failevna Idrisova
LANGUAGE ORIENTATIONS OF THE POPULATION OF BASHKORTOSTAN ACCORDING TO ETHNOSOCIOLOGICAL SURVEYS
Abstract. The problems of language preferences of the population of the multinational Republic of Bashkortostan are considered. Despite the widespread use of the communicative functions of the Russian language, national languages are also used on a fairly large scale in the republic, including in the field of education, mass media and in everyday life. As the data of ethnosociological surveys show, the linguistic guidelines of the population of the republic are aimed at further preservation and multiplication of national languages. It has been established that non-Russian peoples in the republic are interested in teaching and learning their native languages in the schools of the republic. In a market economy, despite financial and economic difficulties, the population writes out and reads periodicals in their native language.
Keywords: language orientations, television, radio, mass media, Bashkirs, Tatars, Russians, education, native language
Funding: Research completed within the framework of the state assignment of the IER UFIC RAS “Social foundations of ethnopolitical processes in the republics of the Ural-Volga region” No. AAAA-A21-121012290085-3.
For citation: Khaliulina A., Idrisova E. Language orientations of the population of Bashkortostan according to ethnosociological surveys // Bulletin of the BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2021; 4 (53): 147–153. https://doi.org/10.47598/ 2078-9025-2021-4-53-147-153.