ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES
Larisa A. Ismagilova, Larisa V. Sitnikova
FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AS AN INDICATIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSING THE SYNERGIC EFFICIENCY OF INTEGRATION
Abstract. The article analyzes the trends in the development of integration transformations in the economy, shows the strategic orientation of integration and disintegration processes, identifies and investigates the essence of strategic integration; proposed models and methods for assessing the impact of financial performance of individual enterprises in the group on the performance of the group as a whole; the practical significance of the proposed tools is proved.
Keywords: strategic integration, a group of enterprises, financial stability
For citation: Ismagilova L. A., Sitnikova L. V. Financial sustainability as an indicative tool for assessing the synergic efficiency of integration. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):9–15. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-9-15.
Tatyana B. Lejbert, Dmitrij S. Kovyazin
IMPACT OF INNOVATION ON SUSTAINABILITY
Abstract. In the modern world, innovation is one of the most important directions in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. There are social, environmental and economic types of innovations that have an impact on various spheres of human activity. This article discusses the definitions of social and environmental innovations, as well as the positive effects that arise from the introduction and implementation of innovative projects at various levels of sustainable development.
Keywords: social innovation, environmental innovation, sustainable development, innovative development
For citation: Lejbert T. B., Kovyazin D. S. Impact of innovation on sustainability. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):16–19. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-16-19.
Sergey Ya. Malyshev
SUBJECTS OF THE INFORMATION CONFIDENTIALITY REGIME WHEN SECURING A TRADE SECRET
Abstract. Analyzing the active side of the subjects of the commercial secret regime, the following main directions can be distinguished in it: establishment of the commercial secret regime; operation (use and use) of the commercial secret regime; change of the commercial secret regime; termination of the commercial secret regime. Depending on the above-mentioned directions of the activity of the subject in relation to the regime of confidentiality of information while ensuring trade secrets, the following types of subjects of this regime can be identified: 1) the main subject is the owner of the information constituting a trade secret; 2) officials who are endowed by the main subject (the owner of the information constituting a trade secret) with certain legal powers to carry out the direct operation of the trade secret regime; 3) implementing entities (employees of the company); 4) user subjects (counterparty, federal state authorities, state authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation and local self-government bodies); 5) a special subject (court, preliminary investigation body, investigation body).
Keywords: information confidentiality regime, commercial secret, information owner, official subjects, user subjects, executors, special subject
For citation: Malyshev S. Ya. Subjects of the information confidentiality regime when securing a trade secret. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):20–26. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-20-26.
Svetlana V. Panasenko, Natalia M. Suray, Alexander F. Nikishin, Galina V. Korneva
DOMESTIC MARKETPLACE: CURRENT STATE AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS
Abstract. The article analyzes the current state and prospects for the development of Russian marketplaces. The dynamics of retail trade turnover for the period 2017–2022 is presented. The models of operation of marketplaces are described.
Keywords: e-commerce, marketplace, business model, Internet platform, online sales, market, consumer
For citation: Panasenko S. V., Suray N. M., Nikishin A. F., Korneva G. V. Domestic marketplace: current state and development prospects. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):27–36. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-27-36.
Financial support: The scientific research was financially supported by the G. V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics within the framework of the scientific project “Directions for the Development of Sales Technologies in Electronic Retail Trade, Taking into Account the Behavior of Consumers of Different Generations”.
Tatyana Yu. Pashko, Evgeny V. Tyshko
THE FUTURE OF THE RUSSIAN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY IN THE «ECONOMY OF IMPRESSIONS»
Abstract. Under the influence of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the geopolitical crisis of 2022, the hospitality industry and tourism in Russia, as well as around the world, are changing their ideology and technological processes while the consumer-oriented marketing concept remains unchanged. The problem is that the hospitality industry, which includes many customer-oriented industries, is one of the most affected in 2020–2021. Due to the global uncertainty, the prospects and timing of its recovery to the pre-pandemic level cannot be predicted by most experts. At the same time, the business processes currently observed, indicating positive dynamics, allow us to speak about the effectiveness of public and private efforts undertaken to meet the social needs of post-teen society in recreation, new experiences and travel. The article examines the changes taking place in the Russian hospitality and tourism sector, analyzes trends and innovations that need to be implemented at the present time, and also makes a number of assumptions about the prospects for the development of the industry and the industry in the near and medium term.
Key words: economy of impressions, digital technologies, process automation, Big Data Analysis, tour operator ecosystem, national and regional projects, cryptocurrency
For citation: Pashko T. Yu., Tyshko E. V. The future of the russian hospitality industry in the “economy of impressions”. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):37–45. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-37-45.
Nadezhda Yu. Psareva, Tan-Chulpan R. Mukhtarova
FEATURES OF THE ACTIVITY OF THE MANAGEMENT COMPANY OF THE INDUSTRIAL PARK
Abstract. One of the instruments of industrial policy are industrial parks that combine the interests of business and territorial entities, integrating various types of business in the free territories of industrial complexes and/or territorial entities, providing not only an increase in the efficiency of industries, but also solving social issues by creating new jobs, increasing budget revenues. One of the most important issues of creating such integration associations is the organization of an industrial park management company. The article discusses the problematic issues of choosing the functionality of a management organization depending on the type of individual entrepreneur. The performance indicators of randomly selected operating sole proprietors are considered, a comparative analysis of these indicators is given depending on the type of sole proprietor with the linking of the main functionality of the managing organization (coordinator, landlord, investor, complex manager). The performance indicators of the industrial park are proposed.
Keywords: industrial park, management organization, performance indicators
For citation: Psareva N. Yu., Mukhtarova T.-Ch. R. Features of the activity of the management company of the industrial park // Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):46–54. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-46-54.
Nikita Е. Popov
RESULTS OF THE CENOLOGICAL GRAPH MODELING OF THE PRODUCTION PROGRAM OF CHEMICAL PRODUCTS
Abstract. The article proposes a model aimed at minimizing production costs by effectively forming a production program and grouping final products. The main idea is to create groups of products that can be made from the same basic raw materials using similar equipment. The presented cenological approach to solving this issue is quite flexible, since it allows using system-wide restrictions and taking into account additional cost indicators, it can be considered as a solution to a two-purpose optimization problem.
Keywords: graph, click, cenosis, grouping of products
For citation: Popov N. E. Results of the cenological graph modeling of the production program of chemical products. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):55–63. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-55-63.
Elena N. Yastrebova, Alexandra V. Dosugova
ECONOMIC FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Abstract. The article presents the results of a study of the economic foundations of social entrepreneurship. Special attention in the process of studying is paid to the comparative analysis of key aspects of various types of activities in the business environment. The main stakeholders in the activities of social enterprises are also identified with the allocation of specific resulting indicators. The interest of the state in the development of these forms of entrepreneurial economic activity and forms of support for small and medium-sized businesses and socially oriented non-profit organizations is revealed. To identify the economic nature of the analyzed enterprises, their main activities are considered, a comparative analysis of key aspects in the business environment is carried out. The ways in which the state supports small and medium-sized businesses and socially oriented non-profit organizations are highlighted.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, economy, efficiency, profit, grant system
For citation: Yastrebova E. N., Dosugova A. V. Economic foundations of social entrepreneurship. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):64–70. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-64-70.
Elena N. Yastrebova, Alexandra V. Dosugova, Elena Kh. Eneeva
THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE ETHICS ON THE QUALITY OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES
Abstract. The article deals with topical issues related to the introduction of standards of professional ethics at hospitality enterprises, which will improve the quality of service and, accordingly, profitability. A separate emphasis is placed on the problems faced by managers of hotel and restaurant organizations in the process of implementing ethical standards in a multicultural environment. The key components of the Code of Standards of Conduct that affect the quality of services provided are also identified. All employees engaged in the hospitality industry, without exception, must adhere to them.
Keywords: ethics, quality of service, standard, behavior, hospitality industry
For citation: Yastrebova E. N., Dosugova A. V. Eneеva E. Kh. The impact of corporate ethics on the quality of services provided by hospitality industry enterprises. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):71–76. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-71-76.
ENERGY COMPLEX OF RUSSIA
Zemfira N. Idrisova, Aydar T. Sitdikov
TOOLKIT FOR ASSESSING AND INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF OIL AND GAS ENTERPRISES
Abstract. The principles, criteria, indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of the oil and gas complex in various business areas are considered. The classification of performance indicators is systematized according to the criteria of economy, efficiency, investment attractiveness and business value. The importance of the social components of efficiency for large integrated production and economic systems and the compliance of the program of social and economic development of the oil and gas complex with state priorities are emphasized. A descriptive model for managing the efficiency of an oil and gas complex has been formed. The importance of highlighting the effectiveness of marketing, strategic and operational management, as well as the use of tools for achieving social efficiency according to the criterion “Corporate Business Ethics” in accordance with ESG standards is shown.
Keywords: oil and gas complex, classification of performance indicators, evaluation principles, performance criteria, business components, ESG standards, social acceptability, management approaches
For citation: Idrisova Z. N., Sitdikov A. T. Toolkit for assessing and increasing the efficiency of oil and gas enterprises. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):77–86. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-77-86.
Elvira A. Khalikova, Anzhela E. Shaluhina
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SCENARIO APPROACH IN THE BUSINESS PLANNING OF AN OIL COMPANY
Abstract. The article considers the conceptual provisions of business planning on the example of oil industry companies as a modern effective tool for corporate financial management. In the conditions of high volatility and non-linearity of the macroeconomic environment of oil industry companies, a business plan allows you to determine the acceptable range of changes in key financial indicators for the coming years in order to quickly respond to the company’s management and ensure planned strategic goals and strategies. On the example of the oil production business block, the main indicators that should be taken into account when drawing up a business plan are systematized, and a financial plan has been developed taking into account scenarios for changing macroeconomic parameters and deflators.
Keywords: business planning, income and expense plan, corporate governance, development scenarios, key indicators, macroeconomic environment, market environment, tax environment, financial diagnostics, financial plan, forecast, oil company
For citation: Khalikova E. A., Shalukhina A. E. Implementation of the scenario approach in the business planning of an oil company. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):87–93. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-87-93.
Elvira А. Khalikova, Liliya М. Usmanova
FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A SMALL-TONNAGE COMPLEX LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS
Abstract. In modern economic conditions, the increased demand for liquefied natural gas necessitates the engineering design of technological solutions for the production of liquefied natural gas and its financial and economic justification. The scientific article is devoted to the development of a financial and economic model and the evaluation of the effectiveness of the project for the construction of a small-scale natural gas liquefaction complex and the analysis of project risks. The proposed format of the financial and economic model is based on the calculation of key indicators of the project’s operating and investment activities, including OPEX and CAPEX, as well as on the formation of financial plans that reflect the net profit and net cash flow. The presented financial models are used in calculating the performance indicators of the design solution and are the information basis for the analisis influence risk factors for net monetary income. The article examined the impact of macroeconomic drivers and deflator indices — liquefied natural gas prices, the dollar exchange rate against the ruble on the change in income from gas sales and on the formation of key project indicators. The authors of the article substantiate the expediency of applying the financial and economic model in practice for further use in project documentation as an economic part of the feasibility study.
Keywords: liquefied natural gas, capital cost, operating costs, macroeconomic drivers and deflators, financial and economic model, key performance indicators, stress test NPV
For citation: Khalikova E. А., Usmanova L. М. Financial and economic justification of the project for the construction of a small-tonnage complex liquefied natural gas. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):94–104. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-94-104.
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC INTERACTION
Margarita G. Kudinova, Natalia A. Shevchuk, Ilyas I. Shigapov, Galina V. Korneva
“GREEN ECONOMY” AND ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AS A WAY TO SOLVE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF THE ALTAI TERRITORY
Abstract. The article analyzes the prerequisites for the implementation of the concept of “green economy” in the Altai Territory, evaluates the practical steps taken in this direction, and identifies constraints to its implementation. The structure of arable lands by the level of acidity and the level of humus in the region was evaluated; the structure of irrigated lands of agricultural organizations in the regions of the Altai Territory was analyzed; problems associated with the deterioration of the quality of agricultural land were identified. It is concluded that the “green economy” will become one of the ways to create areas without chronic rural poverty, since environmentally friendly products are much more expensive than conventional ones, and organic agriculture will increase farmers’ incomes, which will eventually lead to the preservation and development of rural areas.
Keywords: organic farming, “green” technologies, “green economy”, soil fertility, environmentally friendly products, agricultural land; food security
For citation: Kudinova M. G., Shevchuk N. A., Shigapov I. I., Korneva G. V. “Green economy” and organic agriculture as a way to solve environmental and social problems of the Altai territory. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):105–114. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-105-114.
Irek A. Khisamutdinov, Guzel G. Karachurina, Yulia V. Khodkovskaya
THE FORMATION OF A NEW PARADIGM OF ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC INTERACTION: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENERGY FACTOR
Abstract. The article discusses the crisis of ecological and economic interaction and possible ways to resolve this conflict in retrospect: the compensation model, the concept of “sustainable development”, etc. In the context of the transition to ecological sustainable development, a significant role is assigned to “green energy”, which has led to a fundamental revision of the introduction of carbon-free nuclear technologies in the country’s energy balance in favor of nuclear installations of both large and small mobile power, which has a great future.
Keywords: ecological and economic interaction, the concept of sustainable development, external environmental effects, alternative energy sources
For citation: Khisamutdinov I. A., Karachurina G. G., Khodkovskaya Yu. В. The formation of a new paradigm of ecological and economic interaction: sustainable development and the energy factor. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):115–122. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-115-122.
SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL SPACE
Aleksеi G. Ilmushkin, Minevali M. Minshin
CRITERIA AND EVALUATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FORMATION OF MANAGEMENT COMPETENCE OF AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Abstract. This study is devoted to the disclosure of the criterion-evaluation characteristics of the formation of managerial competence of students of an agricultural university, determined by the folowing criteria: cognitive, motivational-activity, design-research, personal.
Keywords: managerial competence, levels, criteria, approach, formation
For citation: Ilmushkin A. G., Minshin M. M. Criterial and evaluation characteristics of the formation of managerial competence of agricultural university students. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):123–127. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-123-127.
Galina V. Morozova, Aigul A. Dilmukhametova
MECHANISMS FOR ENSURING THE ACCESSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Absract. At the moment, education is the most important factor in the economic development of any country, therefore in Russia guided by the interests of strategic development it special attention is paid to it both by society and by the state. This approach enables the country’s economy to adapt to global trends without losing the quality of education. High-quality education testifies to the compliance of the existing system of education with the needs of a person, his expectations in terms of obtaining professional competencies, as well as purposeful development of the individual . The article describes the results of studying the practice of implementing the state policy of the Russian Federation in terms of ensuring the availability of higher education based on the data of the Report “On the results of the activities of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation for 2020 and tasks for 2021”, the results of the implementation of the state policy of the Russian Federation are given in the field of higher education for the period 2018–2021 and its features revealed in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: higher education, public policy, public educational policy, distance learning, educational credit, admission targets, online university admission, targeted education
For citation: Morozova G. V., Dilmukhametova A. A. Mechanisms for ensuring the accessibility of higher education in the Russian Federation. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):128–135. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-128-135.
Sergey V. Novikov
RESEARCH INSTITUTE 2.0 Of The INNOVATIVE UNIVERSITY: INTEGRATION FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
Abstract. The article examines the current state of the research activities of the Technical University. In the context of the transformation of an educational institution to solve the practical problems of the modern economy for the tasks of ensuring import independence, the structure of universities is being updated. One of the directions of such changes is the creation of innovation research institutes (RII-2) for Industry 4.0 based on university collaborations.
Keywords: university transformation, import independence, import substitution, transfer of research results, innovation research institute
For citation: Novikov S. V. Research institute 2.0 of the innovative university: integration for industrial development. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):136–142. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-136-142.
LABOR RESOURCES AND LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
Irina V. Degtyareva, Elvira R. Mamleeva, Natalia V. Trofimova, Marina Yu. Sazykina
ANALYSIS OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY IN THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR IN THE REGIONS OF THE VOLGA FEDERAL DISTRICT
Аbstract. The article analyzes labor productivity in the construction industry in the subjects of the Volga Federal District. It is revealed that the level of labor productivity by the type of economic activity “Construction” lags behind the average industry indicators. Also, in most regions of the Volga Federal District, labor productivity in the construction industry lags behind the average Russian values of the indicator. The identified problems of the development of the industry indicate the need to search for reserves for the growth of labor productivity in the subjects of the Volga Federal District.
Keywords: labor productivity, construction, real labor productivity, relative labor productivity, region
For citation: Degtyareva Irina V., Mamleeva Elvira R., Trofimova Natalia V., Sazykina Marina Yu. Analysis of labor productivity in the construction sector in the regions of the Volga Federal District. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):143–153. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-143-153.
Financing: This scientific study was carried out as part of the state task of the GASI ISR RB for 2022.
Larisa A. Ismagilova, Elvira D. Arylbaeva
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY MANAGEMENT: COGNITIVE MODELS OF CONTRADICTIONS
Abstract. The analysis of the research, demonstrating the interrelation between the efficiency of human resources management and economic results of the enterprise has been conducted. Causal relationship between human resource management and productivity is shown. Contradictions in the formation of human and labor resources are revealed. The defining role of human capital in the structure of intangible resources. The procedure of substantiation of the choice of HR-practices that involves the construction of a generalized cognitive model of the impact of intangible resources on productivity was formed. The structure of the system of labor productivity management is developed. The structure of the blocks of imitation model on the basis of econometric research data, the procedure of selection of the most important HR-factors is proposed. The possibility of substantiating the choice of control actions based on modeling results is shown. Causal scheme of labor productivity management through intangible resources of industrial enterprise is proposed. A set of econometric models built on the basis of generalization of empirical research and statistical data of specific enterprises was used to develop the model.
Keywords: labor productivity, human capital, intangible resources, management system, productivity management contradictions, conceptual model, simulation modeling
For citation: Ismagilovа L. A., Arylbaeva E. D. Labor productivity management: cognitive models of contradictions. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):154–161. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-154-161.
Tatyana Yu. Pashko, Evgeny V. Tyshko
COMPETITIVENESS OF NEW GENERATIONS IN THE MODERN LABOUR MARKET: ECONOMIC ASPECT
Abstract. The questions of the competitive ability of new generations at modern labour market become particularly relevant in conditions of high uncertainty and rapid transformation of the global labour market due to the covid19 pandemic and the geopolitical crisis 2022. Experts of the World Economic Forum believe that in the conditions of accelerating automation and robotization, a significant number of workers will not be able to keep their jobs to 2025. The process of creating new jobs in the care economy, green technologies, databases and cloud computing, artificial intelligence has a slower speed. The real prospect in the next two to three years will be a significant increase in unemployment. There is a problem of creating the necessary conditions for ensuring employment of the population. This article analyzes the situation on the Russian labor market from the point of view of the generations that make up the majority of the labor force, and the prospects of employment prospects of youth and women, as the two most vulnerable groups.
Keywords: transformation of labour market, theory of generations, freelance, elastic employment
For citation: Pashko T. Yu., Tyshko E. V. Competitiveness of new generations in the modern labor market: an economic aspect. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):162–169. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-162-169.
TAXES AND TAXATION
Irina V. Degtyareva, Svetlana A. Lartseva, Olga I. Shalina
ASSESSMENT OF THE FISCAL EFFECTIVENESS OF PROPERTY TAXES ON INDIVIDUALS IN RUSSIA
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the fiscal efficiency of taxation of individuals with property taxes. The concept of fiscal efficiency is revealed, under which it is proposed to understand the ability of the tax to provide revenue to the budget (budget efficiency); the ability of the tax to stimulate economic growth; the fairness of the tax in relation to the tax base and subjects of taxation. Based on the statistical data of macroeconomic development, the collection of property taxes and the dynamics of the tax base, the fiscal efficiency of property taxes from individuals in Russia is calculated.
Keywords: property taxes, individuals, fiscal efficiency, assessment, methodology, Russia
For citation: Degtyareva I. V., Lartseva S. A., Shalina O. I. Assessment of the fiscal effectiveness of property taxes on individuals in Russia. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):170–177. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-170-177.
IDEOLOGY AND POLITICAL TOOLS
STATE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF ENSURING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN
Abstract. The article deals with the issues of state policy aimed at achieving development goals in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The state programs which are used to achieve the goals are also analyzed. Mainly, the main directions of the ongoing work (social security of the population, medical care, improving the quality of education, creating conditions for economic growth, etc.) are highlighted. The dynamics of the main indicators as a result of the implementation of these programs of measures is also given.
Keywords: State program, Azerbaijan Republic, reduction of poverty, economic development, National Coordination Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan on sustainable development, Concept of development, strategic road map, national economy, development of the regions of Azerbaijan
For citation: Mamedov S. State policy in the field of ensuring sustainable development on the example of the regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):178–183. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-178-183.
Olga S. Rybkina
ABOUT COMPETITIVE EXPERIENCE IN THE ELECTION OF THE HIGHEST OFFICIAL SUBJECT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Abstract. This article analyzes the features of competition in the elections of the Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region in 2018. It is concluded that the level of competition between candidates has significantly increased in comparison with similar elections in 2014. At the same time, the professional level of the winning candidate’s teams and other candidates ‘ teams differs significantly in favor of the first one. The readiness of citizens to compete is higher than the ability of candidates to lead it.
Keywords: election, competition, candidates, Nizhny Novgorod oblast, the Governor, the municipal filter
For citation: Rybkina O. S. About competitive experience in the election of the highest official subject of the Russian Federation. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):184–188. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-184-188.
Konstantin G. Sokolovskiy
STATE-CONFESSIONAL RELATIONS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE EXPANSION OF RELIGION IN THE INTERNET SPACE: NEW OPPORTUNITIES, NEW CHALLENGES
Abstract. The paper examines the features of the transformation of traditional religiosity in connection with the development of information technologies, when a wide range of confessions began to master new forms, means and methods of being present in a virtual environment. The author proposes a classification of religious Internet resources based on the principles of organizing the media space and the functions they perform. The article also outlines the prospects for the further development of Internet religiosity, as well as challenges to religious security in connection with the massive involvement of parishioners of certain denominations in the virtual digital environment.
Keywords: religion, religious organizations, state-confessional relations, digitalization, Internet, media space, digital religion
For citation: Sokolovsky K. G. State-confessional relations with the context of the expansion of religion in the Internet space: new opportunities, new challenges. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). (In Russ.). 2022;2(55):189–195. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-189-195.
Kirill V. Fadeev, Irina A. Borisova
POLITOLOGICAL SCIENCE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INFORMATION POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN STATE IN MODERN FOREIGN POLICY CONDITIONS
Abstract. The article examines, through a political analysis, the reasons that determine the need for corrective actions in the implementation of the state information policy of Russia in the current foreign policy situation, as well as the countermeasures taken by the Russian Federation in relation to the broadcast of intrusive anti-Russian propaganda by American and Western European media corporations. The author emphasizes the fact that in order to ensure the access of the European audience to a high-quality objective information product, it is necessary to strengthen the work on activation in the field of cooperation with the institutions of the information environment of the eastern partner states for the purpose of mutual exploitation of information platforms, and to rid the Russian mass consumer of information from external insults and threats to block channels with such content, offering as alternatives are domestic Internet resources that exclude information of this kind.
Keywords: Russia, Russian Federation, state information policy, foreign policy situation, content, USA, European Union, anti-Russian propaganda, threats, Internet
For citation: Fadeev K. V., Borisova I. V. Politological science analysis of the implementation of the information policy of the Russian state in modern foreign policy conditions. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):196–200. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-196-200.
Artyom A. Fomenkov
CULTURE OF CANCELLATION IN MODERN RUSSIA: POLITICAL ASPECTS
Abstract. This article analyzes the features of the ineffectiveness of the culture of cancellation in the political system of the modern Russian Federation. The circumstances that impede the active use of the culture of cancellation in Russia in the near future are revealed. General assessments of the culture of cancellation, as well as the mechanism of confrontation with it, are not considered in the text.
Keywords: “new ethics”, cancellation culture, political aspects, Russia, modernity, causes
For citation: Fomenkov A. A. The culture of cancellation in modern Russia: political aspects. Vestnik BIST (Bashkirskogo instituta social`ny`x texnologij) = Vestnik BIST (Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies). 2022;2(55):201–205. https://doi.org/10.47598/2078-9025-2022-2-55-201-205.